Midland County Courts
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The Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction in Michigan. It has jurisdiction over all actions except those given by state law to another court.
The Circuit Court has original jurisdiction in all civil cases involving more than $25,000, in all criminal cases where the offense is a felony or a serious misdemeanor, all domestic relations cases, and all child abuse, neglect, and delinquency cases.
- Hear lower court appeals
- Appeals from Local Gov't
- Some appeals from State Agencies
- Reduce Recidivism
- Expedite Cases
The District Court is a trial court of limited jurisdiction. District Court has jurisdiction to issue arrest and search warrants, set bail and accept bond, conduct misdemeanor and felony arraignments, preside over preliminary examinations for felony and misdemeanor offenses outside its trial jurisdiction and perform civil marriage ceremonies. It has exclusive jurisdiction over the following types of cases:
- Civil Suits involving $25,000 or less
- Adult criminal misdemeanor offenses punishable by up to one year's imprisonment
- Civil infractions
- Traffic violations
- Landlord/tenant evictions
- Small claims ($6,000 or less)
- Land Contract forfeitures
Probate Court exercises jurisdiction and supervision in probating of wills and of the administration of estates and trusts of deceased persons by personal representatives and trustees. The Court also hears cases pertaining to guardianships; conservatorship for adults and minors; the commitment for hospitalization and or treatment of mentally ill persons, the mentally handicapped, and addicted persons.
- Incapacitated Individuals
- Hospitalization of Mentally Ill
- Protect Property of Incapacitated Individuals
- Transfer of Assets
- Wills - Trusts
To serve as a juror is an honor, as well as an interesting experience. As a juror, you will gain firsthand knowledge of the functions of an important branch of the government. Jurors are men and women of sound judgment, absolute honesty and a complete sense of fairness. The juror aids in the maintenance of law and order, and upholds justice. SEE MORE INFO
The Midland County Courthouse is a weapons free zone. Prohibited weapons include firearms, knives, cutting devices, chemical weapons, clubs or bats, explosive devices, and any item determined to be a weapon.
All persons, including employees, their belongings, and all parcels are subject to screening by Security Personnel for the purpose of preventing weapons and other prohibited or restricted items from entering the facility.